Hainault Forest Website

Written, Designed and with Photographs by Brian Ecott

unless otherwise credited.

Plant species list

Originally collated in 2002 with additional species added.

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Thanks to RODNEY BURTON,  Recorder of Flowering plants and vascular cryptogams, The London Natural History Society, for checking, correcting and editing the list.

Thanks to BRIAN WURZELL for additions to the list marked * and to KEN ADAMS for the species marked         

New for 2017 printed red.

 

Name

English name

Equisetum arvense common horsetail
polypodium interjectum western polypody

Pteridium aquilinum

bracken

Phyllitis scolopendrium

hart's-tongue fern

Polystichum setiferum

soft shield-fern

Dryopteris filix-mas

common male-fern

Dryopteris dilatata

broad buckler-fern

Taxus baccata

yew

Nymphaea alba

white water-lily

Ceratophyllum demersum

rigid hornwort

Anemone nemorosa wood anemone

Ranunculus acris

meadow buttercup

Ranunculus repens

creeping buttercup

Ranunculus auricomus

Goldilocks buttercup

Ranunculus sceleratus

celery-leaved buttercup

Ranunculus ligula greater spearwort

Ranunculus flammula

lesser spearwort

Ranunculus ficaria ssp. bulbilifer

lesser celandine

Ranunculus hederaceus

ivy-leaved crowfoot

Ranunculus trichophyllus

thread-leaved water-crowfoot

Papaver rhoeas

corn or common poppy

Platanus x hispanica

London plane

Ulmus glabra

wych elm

Ulmus procera

English elm

Humulus lupulus

hop

Urtica dioica

common nettle

Pterocarya x rehderana

Caucasian wing-nut

Fagus sylvatica

beech

Fagus sylvatica 'purpurea' copper beech

Castanea sativa

sweet chestnut

Quercus cerris

Turkey oak

Quercus ilex

evergreen oak

Quercus robur

pedunculate oak

Quercus rubra

red oak

Betula pendula

silver birch

Betula papyrifera paper birch

Alnus glutinosa

alder

Alnus incana

grey alder

Carpinus betulus

hornbeam

Corylus avellana

hazel

Chenopodium rubrum

red goosefoot

Chenopodium polyspermum

many-seeded goosefoot

Chenopodium album

fat hen

Atriplex prostrata

spear-leaved orache

* Montia fontana ssp. chondrosperma blinks

Moehringia trinervia

three-nerved sandwort

Stellaria media

common chickweed

* Stellaria pallida lesser chickweed

Stellaria holostea

greater stitchwort

Stellaria graminea

lesser stitchwort

Stellaria uliginosa bog stitchwort

Cerastium fontanum ssp. vulgatum

common mouse-ear

* Cerastium glomeratum sticky mouse-ear
* Sagina procumbens procumbent pearlwort

Myosoton aquaticum

water chickweed

Spergula arvensis

corn spurrey

Agrostemma githago

corncockle

Silene latifolia

white campion

Silene dioica

red campion

Persicaria maculosa

redshank

Persicaria lapathifolia

pale persicaria

Persicaria hydropiper

water-pepper

Polygonum arenastrum

equal-leaved knotgrass

Polygonum aviculare

knotgrass

Fallopia japonica

Japanese knotweed

Fallopia convolvulus

black bindweed

Rumex acetosella

sheep's sorrel

Rumex acetosa

common sorrel

Rumex crispus

curled dock

Rumex x pratensis hybrid curled dock x broad leaved dock

Rumex sanguineus var. viridis

wood dock

Rumex obtusifolius

broad-leaved dock

Hypericum perforatum

perforate St John's-wort

Hypericum maculatum imperforate St. John's-wort

Hypericum humifusum

trailing St John's-wort

Hypericum pulchrum

slender St John's-wort

Tilia x europaea

common lime

Tilia cordata

small-leaved lime

Malva moschata

musk-mallow

Malva sylvestris

common mallow

Viola riviniana

common dog-violet

Viola reichenbachiana

early dog-violet

Viola arvensis field pansy

Bryonia dioica

white bryony

Populus alba

white poplar

Populus x canescens

grey poplar

Populus tremula

aspen

Populus nigra

black poplar

Populus nigra subsp. betulifolia

black poplar

Populus nigra 'Italica'

Lombardy poplar

Populus x canadensis

hybrid black poplar

Populus x berolinensis

Berlin poplar

Populus trichocarpa

Western balsam poplar

Salix fragilis

crack willow

Salix alba

white willow

Salix triandra

almond willow

Salix caprea

goat willow

Sisymbrium officinale

hedge mustard

Alliaria petiolata

garlic mustard

*  Arabidopsis thaliana thale cress

Barbarea vulgaris

winter-cress

Rorippa nasturtium-aquaticum

water-cress

Armoracia rusticana

horse-radish

Cardamine pratensis

cuckoo-flower, Lady's smock

Cardamine flexuosa

wavy bitter-cress

Cardamine hirsuta

hairy bitter-cress

* Erophila verna common whitlow grass

Capsella bursa-pastoris

shepherd's-purse

Lepidium draba subsp. draba

hoary cress

Coronopus squamatus

swine-cress

Coronopus didymus

lesser swine-cress

Sinapis arvensis

charlock

Raphanus raphanistrum subsp. raphanistrum

wild radish

Reseda luteola weld

Calluna vulgaris

heather

Lysimachia nemorum

yellow pimpernel

Lysimachia nummularia

creeping-Jenny

Anagallis arvensis subsp. arvensis

scarlet pimpernel

Rubus idaeus

raspberry

Rubus fruticosus agg.

bramble

* Rubus ulmifolius elm-leaved bramble

Potentilla anserina

silverweed

Potentilla erecta

tormentil

Potentilla reptans

creeping cinquefoil

Potentilla sterilis

barren strawberry

Geum urbanum

herb Bennet, wood avens

Agrimonia eupatoria

agrimony

Rosa arvensis

field rose

Rosa canina agg.

dog rose

Prunus spinosa

blackthorn

Prunus domestica subsp. domestica

plum

Prunus domestica subsp. insititia

damson

Prunus avium

wild cherry

Prunus padus

bird cherry

Prunus laurocerasus

cherry laurel

Malus sylvestris

crab apple

Malus domestica

apple

Sorbus aucuparia

rowan

Sorbus x thuringiaca

bastard service tree

Sorbus intermedia

Swedish whitebeam

Sorbus aria agg.

whitebeam

Sorbus latifolia agg.

broad-leaved whitebeam

Sorbus torminalis wild service tree

Crataegus x persimilis

broad-leaved cockspur-thorn

Crataegus monogyna

hawthorn

Crataegus laevigata

Midland hawthorn

Robinia pseudoacacia

false acacia

Lotus corniculatus

common bird's-foot-trefoil

Lotus pedunculatus

large bird's-foot-trefoil

Ornithopus perpusillus bird's foot

Vicia cracca

tufted vetch

Vicia hirsuta

hairy tare

Vicia tetrasperma

smooth tare

Vicia sepium

bush vetch

Vicia sativa ssp. segetalis

common vetch

Lathyrus pratensis

meadow vetchling

Lathyrus sylvestris narrow-leaved everlasting pea

Lathyrus nissolia

grass vetchling

Medicago lupulina

black medick

Medicago arabica

spotted medick

Trifolium repens

white clover

Trifolium dubium

lesser trefoil

Trifolium pratense

red clover

Genista anglica

petty whin

Ulex europaeus

gorse

Ulex minor

dwarf gorse

Lythrum salicaria

purple loosestrife

Daphne laureola spurge laurel

Epilobium hirsutum

great willow herb

Epilobium parviflorum hoary willow herb

Epilobium montanum

broad-leaved willow herb

Epilobium tetragonum

square-stalked willow herb

Epilobium ciliatum

American willow herb

Chamerion angustifolium

rosebay willow herb

Oenothera biennis common evening primrose

Circaea lutetiana

enchanter's-nightshade

Cornus sanguinea

dogwood

Euonymus europaeus

spindle

Ilex aquifolium

holly

Mercurialis annua

annual mercury

Euphorbia helioscopia

sun spurge

Euphorbia peplus

petty spurge

Euphorbia amygdaloides ssp. amygdaloides

wood spurge

Rhamnus cathartica Buckthorn

Aesculus hippocastanum

horse-chestnut

Acer platanoides

Norway maple

Acer campestre

field maple

Acer pseudoplatanus

sycamore

Acer saccharinum

silver maple

Acer negundo

box elder

Ailanthus altissima

tree-of-heaven

Oxalis acetosella

wood-sorrel

Geranium dissectum

cut-leaved crane's-bill

Geranium molle

dove's-foot crane's-bill

Geranium robertianum

herb-Robert

Impatiens glandulifera

Indian balsam, policeman's helmet

Hedera helix

ivy

Sanicula europaea sanicle

Anthriscus sylvestris

cow parsley

Aegopodium podagraria

ground-elder

Berula erecta

lesser water-parsnip

Aethusa cynapium Fool's parsley

Oenanthe aquatica

fine-leaved water-dropwort

Oenanthe crocata Hemlock water-dropwort

Conium maculatum

hemlock

Apium graveolens

wild celery

Apium nodiflorum fool's water cress

Sison amomum

stone parsley

Heracleum sphondylium

hogweed

Torilis japonica

upright hedge-parsley

Daucus carota

wild carrot

Centaurium erythraea

common centaury

Solanum nigrum

black nightshade

Solanum dulcamara

bittersweet

Convolvulus arvensis

field bindweed

Calystegia sepium

hedge bindweed

Calystegia silvatica

large bindweed

Borago officinalis borage
Echium vulgare Viper's bugloss

Symphytum x uplandicum

Russian comfrey

Pentaglottis sempervirens

evergreen alkanet

Myosotis scorpioides

water forget-me-not

Myosotis arvensis

field forget-me-not

Stachys officinalis betony

Stachys sylvatica

hedge woundwort

Ballota nigra subsp. meridionalis

black horehound

Lamiastrum galeobdolon subsp. argentatum

 

Lamium album

white dead-nettle

Lamium purpureum

red dead-nettle

Teucrium scorodonia

wood sage

Ajuga reptans

bugle

Glechoma hederacea

ground-ivy

Prunella vulgaris

self-heal

Lycopus europaeus

gipsywort

Mentha aquatica

water mint

Mentha x villosa

apple-mint

Hippuris vulgaris mare's-tail

Callitriche stagnalis

common water-starwort

Plantago major

greater plantain

Plantago lanceolata

ribwort plantain

Plantago coronopus buck's horn plantain

Buddleia davidii

butterfly-bush

Forsythia x intermedia

forsythia

Fraxinus excelsior

ash

Fraxinus excelsior 'pendula' weeping ash
Fraxinus excelsior 'Diversifolia' one-leaved ash
Fraxinus angustifolia 'Veltheimii' single-leaved ash

Scrophularia nodosa

common figwort

Cymbalaria muralis ivy-leaved toadflax
Odentites verna verna red bartsia

Digitalis purpurea

foxglove

Veronica serpyllifolia subsp. serpyllifolia

thyme-leaved speedwell

Veronica chamaedrys

germander speedwell

Veronica montana

wood speedwell

Veronica beccabunga

brooklime

Veronica catenata

pink water-speedwell

* Veronica arvensis wall speedwell

Veronica persica

common field-speedwell, Buxbaums speedwell

Veronica hederifolia

ivy-leaved speedwell

Sherardia arvensis field madder
Galium verum Lady's bedstraw

Galium palustre

common marsh-bedstraw

Galium saxatile

heath bedstraw

Galium aparine

cleavers

Sambucus nigra

elder

Lonicera periclymenum

honeysuckle

Dipsacus fullonum

wild teasel

Knautia arvensis field scabious

Arctium minus

lesser burdock

Carduus crispus welted thistle

Cirsium vulgare

spear thistle

Cirsium palustre

marsh thistle

Cirsium arvense

creeping thistle

Centaurea scabiosa greater knapweed

Centaurea cyanus

cornflower

Centaurea nigra

common knapweed

Lapsana communis

nipplewort

Hypochaeris radicata

cat's-ear

Leontodon autumnalis

autumnal hawkbit

Leontodon hispidus

rough hawkbit

Leontodon leysii lesser hawkbit

Picris echioides

bristly ox-tongue

Tragopogon pratensis subsp. minor

goat's-beard

Tragopogon porrifolius salsify

Sonchus arvensis

perennial sow-thistle

Sonchus oleraceus

smooth sow-thistle

Sonchus asper

prickly sow-thistle

Lactuca serriola

prickly lettuce

Mycelis muralis

wall lettuce

* Taraxacum sect. Hamata

hamate dandelions

      * Taraxacum laeticolor dandelion
      * Taraxacum pseudohamatum dandelion
* Taraxacum sect. Ruderalia common dandelions

Crepis capillaris

smooth hawk's-beard

* Crepis vesicaria beaked hawk's-beard

Gnaphalium uliginosum

marsh cudweed

Pulicaria dysenterica

common fleabane

Solidago canadensis

garden Canadian goldenrod

Aster x salignus

common Michaelmas-daisy

Conyza canadensis

Canadian fleabane

Bellis perennis

daisy

Artemisia vulgaris

mugwort

Achillea millefolium

yarrow

Anthemis arvensis

corn chamomile

Chrysanthemum segetum

corn marigold

Leucanthemum vulgare

oxeye daisy

Matricaria recutita scented mayweed

Matricaria discoidea

pineapple weed

Tripleurospermum inodorum

scentless mayweed

Senecio jacobaea

common ragwort

Senecio erucifolius

hoary ragwort

Senecio vulgaris

groundsel

Senecio sylvaticus heath groundsel

Tussilago farfara

colt's-foot

Bidens tripartita

trifid bur-marigold

Eupatorium cannabinum

hemp-agrimony

Alisma plantago-aquatica

water-plantain

Hydrocharis morsus-ranae

frogbit

Stratiotes aloides water-soldier

Elodea canadensis

Canadian waterweed

Potamogeton natans

broad-leaved pondweed

Potamogeton crispus

curled pondweed

Arum maculatum

lords-and-ladies

Lemna minor

common duckweed

Lemna trisulca ivy-leaved duckweed

Juncus bufonius

toad rush

Juncus inflexus hard rush

Juncus effusus

soft rush

Juncus conglomeratus

compact rush

Luzula campestris

field wood-rush

Luzula multiflora

heath wood-rush

Bolboschoenus maritimus

sea club-rush

Carex otrubae

false fox-sedge

Carex remota

remote sedge

* Carex hirta hairy sedge

Carex pendula

pendulous sedge

Nardus stricta

mat-grass

Milium effusum wood millet

Festuca arundinacea

tall fescue

Festuca rubra ssp. rubra

red fescue

Lolium perenne

perennial rye-grass

Cynosurus cristatus

crested dog's-tail

Poa annua

annual meadow-grass

Poa trivialis

rough meadow-grass

Poa humilis spreading meadow grass
* Poa pratensis smooth meadow-grass

Dactylis glomerata

cock's-foot

Glyceria fluitans

floating sweet-grass

Melica uniflora

wood melick

Arrhenatherum elatius

false oat-grass

Deschampsia cespitosa

tufted hair-grass

Deschampsia flexuosa

wavy hair-grass

Holcus lanatus

Yorkshire-fog

Anthoxanthum odoratum

sweet vernal grass

* Agrostis stolonifera creeping bent grass
* Agrostis capillaris common bent grass

Calamagrostis epigejos

wood small-reed, bush grass

Alopecurus pratensis

meadow foxtail

Phleum pratense

timothy

Phleum bertolonii smaller cat's tail

Bromus hordeaceus

soft-brome

Bromopsis ramosa

hairy brome

* Anisantha sterilis barren brome

Brachypodium sylvaticum

wood false-brome

Hordeum murinum

wall barley

Hordeum secalinum

meadow barley

Sparganium erectum

branched bur-reed

Typha latifolia

reed mace

Hyacinthoides non-scripta

bluebell

Hyacinthoides x massartiana

hybrid bluebell

Allium triquetrum three cornered leek

Asparagus officinalis subsp. officinalis

garden asparagus

Iris pseudacorus

yellow iris

Crocosmia x crocosmiiflora

montbretia

Tamus communis

black bryony

Epipactis helleborine

broad-leaved helleborine

Ophrys apifera bee orchid
Orchis morio green winged orchid
Dactylorhiza fuchsii common spotted orchid

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