Hainault Forest Website

Written and Designed by Brian Ecott


Mollusca SLUGS and SNAILS

Above: SLUG  Arion ater rufus Brown form. 10cm. The mantle is at the front end and the respiratory pore can be seen. The foot fringe is orange. On gravel path. 18th September 2007. Above right: Dark form 3rd September 2007.

A Leopard and a Black slug under bark at Hainault Lodge 5th December 2017. Photo Brian Ecott

A Rout of slugs Arion ater rufus on the 11th August 2017 during all day rainfall, on the footpath at the back of Sunnymede, Chigwell Row,

Slugs, woodlice and centipedes. 20th March 2017 in the plantation. Thanks to Simon Taylor, Recorder for Molluscs, Essex Field Club for the identification and who states "Although the yellow slugs are indeed very yellow, the size of the tubercles (the texture of the skin) suggests to me that they are Limacus maculatus."
This Leopard slug Limax maximus was found under a log on Dog Kennel Hill woodland. Not normally active during the day it moved to avoid the bright sunshine.  Photos Brian Ecott  13th March 2017
Large black slug Arion (Arion) ater. On the cut grassland on Hog Hill. Not such a pest as other slugs as it prefers dead foliage, and is useful in clearing up grass cuttings on the field. 28th May 2016. Photo Brian Ecott.

Above: Dusky slug Arion (Mesarion) subfuscus near the caf,

23rd April 2016. Photo Brian Ecott

Right: Netted field slug Deroceras reticulatum on dandelion. Note the position of the respiratory pore arrowed. Note the thick yellow mucus on the top of the dandelion. 12th April 2016. Photo Brian Ecott

With thanks to Simon Taylor, (Recorder of Molluscs in Essex for The Essex Field Club)  for his help with the identification of the slugs.

Two Arion sp. slugs under a log. Photo Brian Ecott  23rd March 2017.

Slug Arion sp. under log with two Common shiny woodlice.

Photo Brian Ecott on Dog Kennel Hill Woodland. 13th March 2017

Simon Taylor further reports, "Since the publication of the FSC Aidgap guide and the work that led up to it, the position with the British Arionids has become rather more complicated. The slugs you photographed (above) are certainly Arionids but beyond that it is impossible to say just from a photograph. Even with the specimens in hand it is far from easy these days!"

BROWN LIPPED SNAIL  Cepheae nemoralis This species is variable in colour and banding with occasionally a white lip.

Left: Michael Rumble  4th June 2013,                         Right: On notice board 30th May 2012

Brown lipped snails. Cepaea nemoralis under log 24th April 2017.

Photo Raymond Small

Brown lipped snail Cephaea nemoralis. A very variable marked shell. but the leading edge of the shell is brown Photo Colin Carron. 7th July 2016.


White lipped snail Cephaea hortensis 30th June 2013 (Left).

White lipped snail Cepheae hortensis. Photo:    Vic George (Right)

This species is variable  in colour and banding.




  GARDEN SNAIL Helix aspersa in hedgerow on Field maple. 

Monacha cantiana, the Kentish Snail. Photo Brian Ecott.

Simon Taylor reports "that it is always tricky identifying from photographs but I am quite sure this is Monacha cantiana, the Kentish Snail (though very common in Essex)."  Simon Taylor is the Essex Field Club Recorder for Molluscs. Thanks to him for the identification  Photo Raymond Small and Brian Ecott on bramble leaf,  25 September 2016

This is a Song thrushes anvil. The thrush brings the snails and smashes the shells on an old green bottle releasing a tasty morsel. This thrush has been collecting Brown-lipped Banded snails. Cepaea nemoralis. The two shells centre and top centre are showing the brown lip. 30th January 2017.             

Photo Brian Ecott


Aquatic Molluscs



RAMSHORN SNAIL Planorbis sp.

20mm across.

Common in Roe's well.

Photo: July  2004


GREAT POND SNAIL Lymnaea stagnalis.

A large snail up to 55mm in length. Lays sausage-shaped gelatinous masses of eggs on stems and under leaves of water plants.  Common in Roe's well. Photo: July 2004 Feeds on algae which it rasps from the surface of plants and rocks. It will also eat animal matter.



Lymnaea peregra.

20mm length. Plentiful in Sheepwater. Like the other snails illustrated here they need to rise to the surface to obtain oxygen.

Photo: July 2004  Sheepwater

Wandering snail Lymnaea sp. 15th August 2017


Pond snail Physella sp.